New Surface Stations Report Released – It’s ‘worse than we thought’

SOME COMMENTS ON TEMPERATURES

The average temperature has gone up just over 1 C in 100 years.

Temperatures go up and down 5 to 10 C, or more, every day, so that really is not a big deal!

If you step out from the shade on a sunny day, you experience a 10 C or so increase.

The alarm of an increase of 1-plus/100y cannot be justified as catastrophic!


100-plus years ago:

-There were not many weather stations worldwide. They covered less than 2% of the world land area.

- Above the entire ocean area (71% of the planet’s surface), there were no air temperature measurements at all!

- Thermometers were used only on land. Many were not 1) high quality, 2) properly-calibrated, or 3) cross-checked.

- The only accurate data are 42 years of satellite data since 1979. The graph of the data indicates much lower temperatures than of computer-generated graphs, which are based on agenda-driven, massaged/adjusted data 


Thus, the BASE-POINT of the 100y-old temperature reference from which to judge what has happened during the past 100 years is extremely dubious, to say the least.

96% OF U.S. CLIMATE DATA IS CORRUPTED

CONCLUSION OF THE STUDY

Official NOAA temperature stations produce corrupted data due to purposeful placement in man-made hot-spots, in violation of NOAA guidelines, to ensure these stations read higher temperatures than if the stations were placed in the proper locations!! 

This is done for scare-mongering purposes by the deep-state climate bureaucrats to advance their agendas. 

Nationwide study follows up widespread corruption and heat biases found at NOAA stations in 2009, and the heat-bias distortion problem is even worse now

ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, IL (July 27, 2022) – A new study, Corrupted Climate Stations: The Official U.S. Surface Temperature Record Remains Fatally Flawed, finds approximately 96 percent of U.S. temperature stations used to measure climate change fail to meet what the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) considers to be “acceptable” and  uncorrupted placement by its own published standards.

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The report, published by The Heartland Institute, was compiled via satellite and in-person survey visits to NOAA weather stations that contribute to the “official” land temperature data in the United States.

The research shows that 96% of these stations are corrupted by localized effects of urbanization – producing heat-bias because of their close proximity to asphalt, machinery, and other heat-producing, heat-trapping, or heat-accentuating objects.

Placing temperature stations in such locations violates NOAA’s own published standards (see section 3.1 at this link), and strongly undermines the legitimacy and the magnitude of the official consensus on long-term climate warming trends in the United States.

“With a 96 percent warm-bias in U.S. temperature measurements, it is impossible to use any statistical methods to derive an accurate climate trend for the U.S.” said Heartland Institute Senior Fellow Anthony Watts, the director of the study. “Data from the stations that have not been corrupted by faulty placement show a rate of warming in the United States reduced by almost half compared to all stations.”

NOAA’s “Requirements and Standards for [National Weather Service] Climate O...” instructs that temperature data instruments must be “over level terrain (earth or sod) typical of the area around the station and at least 100 feet from any extensive concrete or paved surface.”

And that “all attempts will be made to avoid areas where rough terrain or air drainage are proven to result in non-representative temperature data.” This new report shows that instruction is regularly violated.

READ THE REPORT (PDF).

For more information, or to speak with the authors of this study please contact Vice President and Director of Communications Jim Lakely at jlakely@heartland.org or call/text 312-731-9364.

This new report is a follow up to a March 2009 study, titled “Is the U.S. Surface Temperature Record Reliable? which highlighted a subset of over 1,000 surveyed stations and found 89 percent of stations had heat-bias issues.

In April and May 2022, The Heartland Institute’s team of researchers visited many of the same temperature stations as in 2009, plus many not visited before.

The new survey sampled 128 NOAA stations, and found the problem of heat-bias has only gotten worse.

“The original 2009 surface stations project demonstrated conclusively that the federal government’s surface temperature monitoring system was broken, with the vast majority of stations not meeting NOAA’s own standards for trustworthiness and quality.

Investigations by government watchdogs OIGand GAO confirmed the 2009 report findings,” said H. Sterling Burnett, director of the Arthur B. Robinson Center on Climate and Environment Policy at The Heartland Institute who surveyed NOAA surface stations himself this spring.

“This new study is evidence of two things.

First, the government is either inept or stubbornly refuses to learn from its mistakes for political reasons.

Second, the government’s official temperature record can’t be trusted. It reflects a clear urban heat bias effect, not national temperature trends.”

An example of the bias problem

The chart below, found on page 17 of the report, shows 30 years of data from NOAA temperature stations in the Continental United States (CONUS). The blue lines show recorded temperatures and the trend from stations that comply with NOAA’s published standards. The yellow lines are temperatures taken from stations that are not compliant with those standards (i.e. near artificial hot spots). The red lines are the “official” adjusted temperature released by NOAA.

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“If you look at the unperturbed stations that adhere to NOAA’s published standard – ones that are correctly located and free of localized urban heat biases – they display about half the rate of warming compared to perturbed stations that have such biases,” Watts said.

“Yet, NOAA continues to use the data from their warm-biased century-old surface temperature networks to produce monthly and yearly reports to the U.S. public on the state of the climate.”

“The issue of localized heat-bias with these stations has been proven in a real-world experiment conducted by NOAA’s laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee and published in a peer reviewed science journal.” Watts added.

“By contrast, NOAA operates a state-of-the-art surface temperature network called the U.S. Climate Reference Network,” Watts said. “It is free of localized heat biases by design, but the data it produces is never mentioned in monthly or yearly climate reports published by NOAA for public consumption.


APPENDIX 1


Carbon dioxide is not dangerous. It is about 0.042% in the atmosphere, 4% in exhaled breath,

0.2% in an auditorium or a pub, or 5 times greater than in the atmosphere, 0.4 to 0.5% in a submarine, or more than 10 times greater than in the atmosphere. 

Submariners live in that safe CO2 environment for periods of 6 months or so.

 

Sea levels have been measured worldwide for well over a century and the level-increase is only about 2mm/year (or less). Some land areas like in Scandinavia are actually subsiding (sinking). There is no sea-level crisis anywhere in the world, and no sudden upsurge has been recorded anywhere in the world.

 

Artic and Antarctic sea-ice areas and thickness are on average the same for the last 50 years, and within the normal annual ranges. There are no sudden changes anywhere.

 

Floating-ice shelf areas larger than the size of Australia melt every 6 months, and are reinstated in the next months at BOTH poles.

 

Carbon dioxide is the vital ‘food stock’ for all plants, shrubs, crops, and trees. The small increase in carbon dioxide over the last few decades has marvelously caused ‘global greening’, and crop and vegetable yields have risen 15 to 30 percent.

 

In the Netherlands, etc., carbon dioxide is fed to Green Houses to increase plant and crop growth rates! Carbon dioxide has been a real boon in all food-producing countries in the world.

 

It is important to understand water vapor is over 20 times higher in concentration than carbon dioxide, and is over 50 times more effective with all radiation.

 

Water vapor is over 5,000 higher in concentration than methane, and more than 4,000 more effective with all radiation].

 

THE REAL PROBLEMS

 

The real problems are not the gases themselves, such as carbon dioxide, or methane from farming, or from vehicles, or industry, but from incomplete combustion and atmospheric pollution (both chemicals and particles). Worldwide biomass burning is a major culprit.

 

Pollutants, such as heavy metals, unburned carbon particles, dioxins, organic chemicals, like benzene and fluorocarbons, toxins, and many more, can come from natural fires, all combustion process, industry, volcanic eruptions, and more.

Sea levels have been measured worldwide for well over a century and the level-increase is only about 2mm/year (or less). Some land areas like in Scandinavia are actually subsiding.

 

There is no sea-level crisis anywhere in the world, and no sudden upsurge has been recorded anywhere at all in the world.

 

Artic and Antarctic sea-ice areas and thickness are on average the same for the last 50 years, and within the normal annual ranges. There are no sudden changes anywhere.

 

Floating-ice shelf areas, larger than the size of Australia, melt every 6 months, and are reinstated in the next months at BOTH poles.

 

Carbon dioxide is the vital ‘food stock’ for all plants, shrubs, crops, and trees. The small increase in carbon dioxide over the last few decades has marvelously caused ‘global greening’, and crop and vegetable yields have risen 15 to 30 percent.

 

In the Netherlands, etc., carbon dioxide is fed to Green Houses to increase plant and crop growth rates! Carbon dioxide has been a real boon in all food producing countries in the world.

 

It is important to understand water vapor is over 20 times higher in concentration than carbon dioxide, and is over 50 times more effective with all radiation.

 

Water vapor is over 5,000 higher in concentration than methane, and over 4,000 more effective with all radiation.

APPENDIX 2

One front of the climate alarmist war on fossil fuels, freedom and prosperity is the effort to force companies to state the financial “risks” the climate “crisis” presents.

This mischief has taken place not in rulemaking at the Environmental Protection Agency, but rather at the Securities and Exchange Commission and in political lawsuits filed by virtue signaling leftist Democrat State Attorneys General (like Janet Mills when she was running for Governor) and green partisan warriors like the Sierra Club, and 350.org.

The SEC rule is up for public comment and eminent scientists William Happer (Princeton) and Richard Lindzen (MIT) filed a doozy.

Titled “Comment and Declaration on the SEC’s Proposed Rule “The Enhancement and Standardization of Climate-Related Disclosures for Investors,”

it is available at Happer-Lindzen-SEC-6-17-22.pdf

This image shows Satellite and Balloon datasets, WHICH ARE NOT MASSAGED, consistency read lower temperature than the average of 102 computer-generated graphs, which are based on SUBJECTIVELY MASSAGED DATA.

The shown data is for a 45-y period

Satellite readings increasing from 0.00 to 0.45 C

Computer graphs increasing from 0.00 to 1.20 C; MORE THAN TWICE AS FAST

 

If you extend all trends to a 100-y period, the satellite, etc., warming would be less than 40% of the computer warming.

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

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Comment by Dan McKay on July 31, 2022 at 9:40am

Corrupted data produces corrupted results. This discovery should be revealed in every American classroom

 

Maine as Third World Country:

CMP Transmission Rate Skyrockets 19.6% Due to Wind Power

 

Click here to read how the Maine ratepayer has been sold down the river by the Angus King cabal.

Maine Center For Public Interest Reporting – Three Part Series: A CRITICAL LOOK AT MAINE’S WIND ACT

******** IF LINKS BELOW DON'T WORK, GOOGLE THEM*********

(excerpts) From Part 1 – On Maine’s Wind Law “Once the committee passed the wind energy bill on to the full House and Senate, lawmakers there didn’t even debate it. They passed it unanimously and with no discussion. House Majority Leader Hannah Pingree, a Democrat from North Haven, says legislators probably didn’t know how many turbines would be constructed in Maine if the law’s goals were met." . – Maine Center for Public Interest Reporting, August 2010 https://www.pinetreewatchdog.org/wind-power-bandwagon-hits-bumps-in-the-road-3/From Part 2 – On Wind and Oil Yet using wind energy doesn’t lower dependence on imported foreign oil. That’s because the majority of imported oil in Maine is used for heating and transportation. And switching our dependence from foreign oil to Maine-produced electricity isn’t likely to happen very soon, says Bartlett. “Right now, people can’t switch to electric cars and heating – if they did, we’d be in trouble.” So was one of the fundamental premises of the task force false, or at least misleading?" https://www.pinetreewatchdog.org/wind-swept-task-force-set-the-rules/From Part 3 – On Wind-Required New Transmission Lines Finally, the building of enormous, high-voltage transmission lines that the regional electricity system operator says are required to move substantial amounts of wind power to markets south of Maine was never even discussed by the task force – an omission that Mills said will come to haunt the state.“If you try to put 2,500 or 3,000 megawatts in northern or eastern Maine – oh, my god, try to build the transmission!” said Mills. “It’s not just the towers, it’s the lines – that’s when I begin to think that the goal is a little farfetched.” https://www.pinetreewatchdog.org/flaws-in-bill-like-skating-with-dull-skates/

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Hannah Pingree on the Maine expedited wind law

Hannah Pingree - Director of Maine's Office of Innovation and the Future

"Once the committee passed the wind energy bill on to the full House and Senate, lawmakers there didn’t even debate it. They passed it unanimously and with no discussion. House Majority Leader Hannah Pingree, a Democrat from North Haven, says legislators probably didn’t know how many turbines would be constructed in Maine."

https://pinetreewatch.org/wind-power-bandwagon-hits-bumps-in-the-road-3/

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